Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is a fatty acid that occurs naturally in the body and serves vital functions at the cellular level, such as energy production. ALA has been used in supplement form to help in the treatment of diabetes, HIV, cancer, liver ailments, and has recently gained more popularity in the use of weight loss.

Ascorbic acid, also known as Vitamin C, is an antioxidant that plays an important role in the body. It not only protects the body’s cells from damage, but it is also needed to maintain the health of skin, teeth, bone, cartilage, and blood vessels.


Calcium chloride is used in the treatment of hypocalcemia (low calcium), hyperkalemia (high potassium), and hypermagnesemia (high magnesium). It is also used in the immediate treatment of hypocalcemic tetany, which causes muscle spasms due to abnormally low levels of calcium in the body. Other uses for calcium chloride include cardiac resuscitation, arrhythmias, calcium-channel blocker overdose, and beta-blocker overdose.

Copper sulfate destroys algae and bacteria. Copper is physically compatible with the electrolytes and vitamins usually present in the amino acid/dextrose solution used for Total Prenatal Nutrition.

Dexpanthenol is a derivative of pantothenic acid, a B complex vitamin. Dexpanthenol is used either intramuscularly or intravenously to treat paralysis of the intestines following surgery. Topically, dexpanthenol is used to treat dermatological conditions to relieve itching or promote healing. 

Glucosamine sulfate may help ease pain in people with osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis happens when cartilage breaks down. This can cause joint pain. Millions of people in the U.S. have osteoarthritis.

Hydroxocobalamin, also known as vitamin B12, is a vitamin found in food and is also used as a dietary supplement. Vitamin B12 helps the body use fats and carbohydrates for energy and to make new proteins.

L-arginine is used for improving athletic performance, preventing the common cold, improving kidney function after a kidney transplant, pre-eclampsia, boosting the immune system, and preventing inflammation in the digestive tract in premature infants. Topically, it helps to speed wound healing, increase blood flow to cold hands and feet (helpful for those with diabetes), and for sexual issues in both men and women.

L-Carnitine is FDA approved and available over the counter as a dietary supplement. Carnitine is available in two forms — oral and injection. It is often promoted as a weight-loss aid to help improve exercise performance and enhance one’s sense of well-being. It is important to speak with your physician before taking any supplemental drugs.

L-citrulline is a naturally occurring amino acid. It is found in some foods like watermelons and is also produced naturally by the body.

L-citrulline is used for Alzheimer's disease, dementia, fatigue, muscle weakness, sickle cell disease, erectile dysfunction, high blood pressure, and diabetes. It is used for heart disease, body building, increasing energy, and for improving athletic performance.

L-Glutamine is classified as an amino acid. Amino acids play many roles within the body. Their main purpose is to serve as building blocks for proteins. Although it is produced naturally in the body, sometimes the body requires more than is produced. This is when supplementation is necessary.

L-Glutathione, or simply glutathione, is a powerful antioxidant made of amino acids. Supplementally, glutathione can be taken in the treatment and prevention of cataracts, glaucoma, aging, alcoholism, cancer, heart disease, liver disease, lung disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, osteoarthritis, diseases that breakdown the body’s immune system and many more. 

L-Lysine is an amino acid that can be used in the treatment of cold sores due to herpes simplex. Some research shows it may be effective for osteoporosis, diabetes, stress, and for athletic performance improvement.

L-Proline helps support joint and skin health, as well muscle growth and injury recovery.

L-Taurine, otherwise known as taurine, is a conditional amino acid. There are many conditions that use taurine for treatment, including congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, hepatitis, high cholesterol, and cystic fibrosis.

Magnesium chloride, or magnesium, is a mineral that is important in maintaining the function of our nerves, cells, bones, muscles, and heart. Most people get enough magnesium in their normal diet, but sometimes supplementation is needed.

Manganese helps the body form connective tissue, bones, blood clotting factors, and sex hormones. It also plays a role in fat and carbohydrate metabolism, calcium absorption, and blood sugar regulation. Manganese is also necessary for normal brain and nerve function.

N-acetyl-cysteine, or NAC, is derived from the amino acid L-cysteine. NAC is used to help treat many conditions. Some of these conditions include flu, dry eye, cough and other lung conditions, kidney disease, and Tylenol overdose.

Pyridoxine, otherwise known as vitamin B6, is important in maintaining the health of our nerves, skin, and red blood cells. It is found in foods such as meat, poultry, bananas, avocados, nuts, and whole grains. Most people acquire the needed amount of vitamin B6 in their normal diet. However, some conditions and medications may cause some people to become deficient in vitamin B6. This is when supplementation is necessary. 

Selenium plays a critical role in metabolism and thyroid function and helps protect your body from damage caused by oxidative stress. Selenium may help boost your immune system, slow age-related mental decline, and even reduce your risk of heart disease.

Zinc chloride is a solution of ions used in total parenteral nutrition to maintain zinc levels and prevent deficiency syndromes.